AKC Standard
skin is elastic and pliable without excessive wrinkling. Appearing neither crippled, awkward, nor cramped
in his capacity for movement, the Dachshund is well-balanced with bold and confident head carriage and
intelligent, alert facial expression. His hunting spirit, good nose, loud tongue and distinctive build make him
well-suited for below-ground work and for beating the bush. His keen nose gives him an advantage over most
other breeds for trailing. NOTE: Inasmuch as the Dachshund is a hunting dog, scars from honorable wounds
shall not be considered a fault.

Size, Proportion, Substance: Bred and shown in two sizes, standard and miniature; miniatures are not a
separate classification but compete in a class division for “11 pounds and under at 12 months of age and
older." Weight of the standard size is usually between 16 and 32 pounds.
Head: Viewed from above or from the side, the head tapers uniformly to the tip of the nose. The eyes are
of medium size, almond-shaped and dark-rimmed, with an energetic, pleasant expression; not piercing;
very dark in color. The bridge bones over the eyes are strongly prominent. Wall eyes, except in the case
of dappled dogs, are a serious fault. The ears are set near the top of the head, not too far forward, of moderate
length, rounded, not narrow, pointed, or folded. Their carriage, when animated, is with the forward edge just
touching the cheek so that the ears frame the face. The skull is slightly arched, neither too broad nor too narrow,
and slopes gradually with little perceptible stop into the finely-formed, slightly arched muzzle, giving a Roman
appearance. Lips are tightly stretched, well covering the lower jaw. Nostrils well open. Jaws opening wide
and hinged well back of the eyes, with strongly developed bones and teeth. Teeth - Powerful canine teeth;
teeth fit closely together in a scissors bite. An even bite is a minor fault. Any other deviation is a serious fault.
Neck: Long, muscular, clean-cut, without dewlap, slightly arched in the nape, flowing gracefully into the
shoulders without creating the impression of a right angle.
Trunk: The trunk is long and fully muscled. When viewed in profile, the back lies in the straightest possible
line between the withers and the short, very slightly arched loin. A body that hangs loosely between the
shoulders is a serious fault. Abdomen - Slightly drawn up.
Forequarters: For effective underground work, the front must be strong, deep, long and cleanly muscled.
Forequarters in detail: Chest - The breast-bone is strongly prominent in front so that on either side a
depression or dimple appears. When viewed from the front, the thorax appears oval and extends downward
to the mid-point of the forearm. The enclosing structure of the well sprung ribs appears full and oval to allow,
by its ample capacity, complete development of heart and lungs. The keel merges gradually into the line of the
abdomen and extends well beyond the front legs. Viewed in profile, the lowest point of the breast line is
covered by the front leg. Shoulder blades – long, broad, well-laid back and firmly placed upon the fully
developed thorax, closely fitted at the withers, furnished with hard yet pliable muscles. Upper Arm - Ideally
the same length as the shoulder blade and at right angles to the latter, strong of bone and hard of muscle, lying
close to the ribs, with elbows close to the body, yet capable of free movement.  Forearm - Short; supplied
with hard yet pliable muscles on the front and outside, with tightly stretched tendons on the inside and at the
back, slightly curved inwards. The joints between the forearms and the feet (wrists) are closer together than the
shoulder joints, so that the front does not appear absolutely straight. The inclined shoulder blades, upper arms
and curved forearms form parentheses that enclose the ribcage, creating the correct "wraparound front."
Knuckling over is a disqualifying fault. Feet - Front paws are full, tight, compact, with well-arched toes and
tough, thick pads. They may be equally inclined a trifle outward. There are five toes, four in use, close together
with a pronounced arch and strong, short nails. Front dewclaws may be removed.
Hindquarters: Strong and cleanly muscled. The pelvis, the thigh, the second thigh, and the rear pastern are
ideally the same length and give the appearance of a series of right angles. From the rear, the thighs are strong
and powerful. The legs turn neither in nor out. Rear pasterns - Short and strong, perpendicular to the second
thigh bone. When viewed from behind, they are upright and parallel. Feet - Hind Paws - Smaller than the front
paws with four compactly closed and arched toes with tough, thick pads. The entire foot points straight ahead
and is balanced equally on the ball and not merely on the toes. Rear dewclaws should be removed. Croup - Long,
rounded and full, sinking slightly toward the tail. Tail - Set in continuation of the spine, extending without kinks,
twists, or pronounced curvature, and not carried too gaily. Gait: Fluid and smooth. Forelegs reach well forward,
without much lift, in unison with the driving action of hind legs. The correct shoulder assembly and well-fitted
elbows allow the long, free stride in front. Viewed from the front, the legs do not move in exact parallel planes,
but incline slightly inward. Hind legs drive on a line with the forelegs, with hock joints and rear pasterns
(metatarsus) turning neither in nor out. The propulsion of the hind leg depends on the dog's ability to carry
the hind leg to complete extension. Viewed in profile, the forward reach of the hind leg equals the rear extension.
The thrust of correct movement is seen when the rear pads are clearly exposed during rear extension. Rear feet
do not reach upward toward the abdomen and there is no appearance of walking on the rear pasterns. Feet must
travel parallel to the line of motion with no tendency to swing out, cross over, or interfere with each other. Short,
choppy movement, rolling or high-stepping gait, close or overly wide coming or going are incorrect. The
Dachshund must have agility, freedom of movement, and endurance to do the work for which he was developed.
Temperament: The Dachshund is clever, lively and courageous to the point of rashness, persevering in above-
and below-ground work, with all the senses well-developed. Any display of shyness is a serious fault.
Special Characteristics of the Three Coat Varieties: The Dachshund is bred with three varieties of coat: (1)
Smooth; (2) Wirehaired; (3) Longhaired and is shown in two sizes, standard and miniature. All three varieties
and both sizes must conform to the characteristics already specified. The following features are applicable
for each variety:

Smooth Dachshund: Coat-Short, smooth and shining. Should be neither too long nor too thick. Ears not leathery.
Tail -Gradually tapered to a point, well but not too richly haired. Long sleek bristles on the underside are
considered a patch of strong-growing hair, not a fault. A brush tail is a fault, as is also a partly or wholly
hairless tail. Color of Hair–Although base color is immaterial, certain patterns and basic colors predominate.
One-colored Dachshunds include red and cream, with or without a shading of interspersed dark hairs. A small
amount of white on the chest is acceptable, but not desirable. Nose and nails-black. Two-colored Dachshunds
include black, chocolate, wild boar, gray (blue) and fawn (Isabella), each with deep, rich tan or cream markings
over the eyes, on the sides of the jaw and underlip, on the inner edge of the ear, front, breast, sometimes on the
throat, inside and behind the front legs, on the paws and around the anus, and from there to about one-third to
one-half of the length of the tail on the underside. Undue prominence of tan or cream markings is undesirable.
A small amount of white on the chest is acceptable but not desirable. Nose and nails–in the case of black dogs,
black; for chocolate and all other colors, dark brown, but self-colored is acceptable. Dappled Dachshunds – The
dapple (merle) pattern is expressed as lighter-colored areas contrasting with the darker base color, which may
be any acceptable color. Neither the light nor the dark color should predominate. Nose and nails are the same
as for one- and two-colored Dachshunds. Partial or wholly blue (wall) eyes are as acceptable as dark eyes. A
large area of white on the chest of a dapple is permissible. Brindle is a pattern (as opposed to a color) in which
black or dark stripes occur over the entire body although in some specimens the pattern may be visible only in
the tan points. Piebald is a pattern (as opposed to a color) with clearly defined areas and/or patches of white on
any allowed one-colored or two-colored dogs. Two-colored piebald patterned dogs may show tan markings on
the face and around the anus. There are no patches of lighter shadings within the colored areas as in the dapple
pattern. Ticking in the white areas is acceptable. Eye color, eye rims, nose and lips are well pigmented and in
accordance with the base color; eyes are never partially or wholly blue as distinguished from the dapple pattern.
Eyes partially or wholly blue is a disqualification. Head must not be more than 50 percent white and color(s)
other than white must cover both ears, back and front, and extend without interruption from the ears over both
eyes. A head of more than 50 percent white or white on any portion of either ear, back or front, or around the
eyes is a disqualification. Pure white dogs with no body spots except on the head are to be disqualified. Nails
may be partially or wholly white. Sable – the sable pattern consists of a uniform dark overlay on red dogs. The
overlay hairs are double-pigmented, with the tip of each hair much darker than the base color. The pattern usually
displays a widow’s peak on the head. Nose, nails and eye rims are black. Eyes are dark, the darker the better.
Colors or patterns other than those specified above are a disqualification.

Wirehaired Dachshund:
Coat - With the exception of jaw, eyebrows, and ears, the whole body is covered with
a uniform tight, short, thick, rough, hard outer coat but with finer, somewhat softer, shorter hairs (undercoat)
everywhere distributed between the coarser hairs. The absence of an undercoat is a fault. The distinctive facial
furnishings include a beard and eyebrows. On the ears the hair is shorter than on the body, almost smooth. The
general arrangement of the hair is such that the wirehaired Dachshund, when viewed from a distance, resembles
the smooth. Any sort of soft hair in the outercoat, wherever found on the body, especially on the top of the head,
is a fault. The same is true of long, curly, or wavy hair, or hair that sticks out irregularly in all directions. Tail -
Robust, thickly haired, gradually tapering to a point. A flag tail is a fault. Color of Hair - While the most common
colors are wild boar, black and tan, and various shades of red, all colors and patterns listed above are admissible.
Wild boar (agouti) appears as banding of the individual hairs and imparts an overall grizzled effect which is
most often seen on wirehaired Dachshunds, but may also appear on other coats. Tan points may or may not be
evident. Variations include red boar and chocolate-and-tan boar. Nose, nails and eye rims are black on wild-boar
and red-boar Dachshunds. On chocolate-and tanboar Dachshunds, nose, nails, eye rims and eyes are self-colored,
the darker the better. A small amount of white on the chest, although acceptable, is not desirable. Nose and nails
same as for the smooth variety.

Longhaired Dachshund: Coat - The sleek, glistening, often slightly wavy hair is
longer under the neck and on forechest, the underside of the body, the ears and behind the legs. The coat gives
the dog an elegant appearance. Short hair on the ear is not desirable. Too profuse a coat which masks type,
equally long hair over the whole body, a curly coat, or a pronounced parting on the back are faults. Tail - Carried
gracefully in prolongation of the spine; the hair attains its greatest length here and forms a veritable flag.
Color of Hair - Same as for the smooth Dachshund. Nose and nails - same as for the smooth.

The foregoing description is that of the ideal Dachshund. Any deviation from the above described dog must be
penalized to the extent of the deviation keeping in mind the importance of the contribution of the various features
toward the basic original purpose of the breed.

Knuckling over of front legs.
In the piebald pattern:
• eyes partially or wholly blue, or
• a head of more than 50 percent white, or
• white covering any portion of the ears, back and front, or around the eyes, or
• pure white with no body spots except on the head.
Colors or patterns other than those specified above.

Approved November 14, 2017
Effective January 1, 2018
Corrected December 29, 2017
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